Hemp is a type of flowering plant that has been cultivated since the beginning of mankind, and is still used today for medicinal purposes, and a host of other things. The cannabis plant contains relatively large amounts of what are known as cannabinoids, which are natural chemicals within the plant.
over there more than One hundred different cannabinoids, all of which have their own unique molecular structure and potential health benefits.
What is hemp?
Cannabis are chemicals associated with cannabis, such as delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the main ingredient that also affects the brain and gives people who consume it a feeling of euphoria. The cannabis plant contains more than 100 cannabinoids.
Scientists as well as illegal manufacturers have produced many synthetic cannabinoids in the laboratory. Some of these synthetic cannabinoids are very potent and have led to serious health effects when abused.
What does hemp do?
Depending on the type of cannabis, he may be able to achieve different results after ingesting it.
For example, many people use CBD or cannabidiol these days to get rid of pain, anxiety, or a host of other issues.
People will use THC in order to get an intoxicating effect. However, not all cannabinoids are psychoactive. In fact, only THC and its derivatives are intoxicating substances.
How does cannabis work
Cannabis as a whole can interact with specific cellular receptors found throughout the body called CB1 and CB2. Take a look at this picture showing where these receptors are located:
The former is located mainly in the central nervous system, while the latter is located mainly in the immune system.
These receptors, along with the cannabinoids produced by our bodies and called endocannabinoids, forms the so-called endocannabinoid system. The role of this system is to regulate vital body functions, such as:
The endocannabinoid system also responsible for balance. That is, maintaining the internal balance of the body, despite external conditions (eg temperature, pH).
Types of cannabis
As mentioned earlier, cannabinoids are mainly the components of cannabis. Hemp is divided into two different types:
CBD – CBD
It appears that CBD has begun to dispel the myths and prejudices surrounding hemp and has evolved into a natural dietary supplement used by millions of people around the world to stimulate their bodies, well-being and health.
cannabidiol (CBD) It is a natural and herbal substance, and is one of the main ingredients in hemp.
This substance has undergone extensive research and it has been proven that its beneficial effect can provide stimulation, well-being and protection of the body, while at the same time it can deal with an impressive list of diseases and ailments; From the serious to the incurable.
The amazing fact about cannabidiol is that it can interact with the cellular receptors of the endocannabinoid system, but without binding to them, thus being able to Job Enhancement And coordinate the necessary functions, as well as to protect the body more effectively.
Cannabidiol has been shown to treat a wide range of physical and mental illnesses. Additionally, it has become an alternative form of treatment for people who are looking for a natural option to treat their health issues. Let’s take a look at some of the properties of cannabidiol:
tetrahydrocannabinol – tetrahydrocannabinol
About 60 cannabinoids have been identified and isolated from cannabis, most of which are found in trace proportions. The most common cannabinoid that appears to have the most psychoactive properties is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
It is the main psychoactive substance of the cannabis plant, isolated in 1964 by Raphael Meshulam and Yishel Gaoni at the Weizmann Institute in Israel.
Chemically, THC is classified as aromatic terpenoid. The main role of THC appears to be to protect the plant from pathogens. In addition, its high optical absorption in the UVA region (210-315 nm) protects the plant from dangerous sunlight.
THC happens to have the correct molecular structure to match the cannabinoid receptors, the specific binding sites in cells throughout the body. These specific sections are now known as sections of the larger endocannabinoid system.
As cannabis continues to gain acceptance in mainstream culture, more and more studies are emerging that reveal the medicinal value of THC.
Most notable are the possible THC results cancer cureStudies in mice have shown that it can play a vital role in significantly reducing the size and spread of tumors. The ability of THC to fight tumors in animal models is incredible.
However, this cannabis has another superpower. THC is a powerful anti-inflammatory. Inflammation is a major contributing factor to a whole host of modern diseases.
Autoimmune diseases and neurodegenerative diseases are two major health problems caused by inflammation. The powerful nature of THC in fighting inflammation is an important reason it helps with such a variety of ailments.
CBG – Cannabigrol
cannabigrol It is a non-acidic anesthetic that occurs when the CBGA (Cannabitrol acid) molecule is heated. The chemical relatives of cannabitrol are cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
Cannabitrol has no psychoactive effect. This is it, it is It does not cause side effects in the body. Not even the well-known ‘fix’ caused by THC.
To be precise, cannabitrol is a non-psychoactive narcotic, which is very similar to cannabidiol (CBD).
Cannabitrol (CBG) benefits are closely related to the way it works in the human body. At the correct dose, cannabitrol works as follows:
- residence; Lessens the pain
- Antibacterial. slows down the growth of bacteria
- Reduces seizures and convulsions
- Anti-inflammatory; Reduces and reduces inflammation
- Helps sleep
- Inhibits the growth of cancer cells
- antidepressant; Mood boosts
- Promotes the growth of neurons in the brain
- nerve effects
Cannabigerol has wonderful healing properties such as cannabidiol (CBD) and can offer maximum benefits to the human body.
One of these benefits is a Newly discovered ability To prevent transmission of the virus responsible for COVID19 infection in humans. Both CBGA and CBDA have shown abilities to stop the viral transmission of COVID in human cells.
CBN – Cannabinoid
CBN is a breakdown product of THC and is found in mature cannabis plants, while containing about 25% of the activity of THC.
CBN is the first Isolated cannabis, which was thought to be responsible for the psychoactive effects of cannabis prior to the discovery of THC. It shares a chemical structure very similar to THC and is believed to bind primarily to the CB2 receptor, but may also interact with the CB1 receptor.
CBN acts as a promoter of the TRPV2 receptor (a natural protein that regulates various biological systems in the human body). It also interacts with the body’s endocannabinoid system and can affect the function of many hormones and neurotransmitters.
To date, not all of its beneficial properties are known. Experiments are constantly being conducted to identify new applications. We now know that CBN:
- Not affecting the mind
- Helps with sleep problems
- It has analgesic properties
- Provides appetite stimulation
- Fights infections
- Helps fight glaucoma
- Helps balance
- regulate sleep
Is hemp legal?
Until 2018, cannabis was not considered legal. This is mainly due to the presence of THC within the cannabis plant.
The 2018 Farm Bill distinguished the difference between hemp and marijuana, and hemp and hemp-based products as long as the THC content remained at 0.3% or less.
The only illegal cannabis is THC, as it creates psychoactive effects on people. You can only possess and use THC in states that have legalized recreational marijuana, or if you have a medical marijuana card.