Scientists continue to wrestle with the question: Does cannabis actually make people lazy in the long run? Emotional cannabis syndrome is a hypothesis that has been around for years that regular cannabis use can lead to apathy, or more specifically, less engagement in goal-directed behavior.
Runner and author Josiah Hesse Indicates that this stereotype has been intensified by former presidents Richard Nixon and Ronald Reagan.
There is peer-reviewed evidence for and against the cannabis emotional syndrome theory, and the results are far from conclusive, at least in the eyes of the medical community. A previous study was published in Psychology of addictive behaviors It goes to show how far back and forth on the topic of reward and stimulus sensitivity is. It is not easy to measure motivation.
but new study“Decision making related to effort and cannabis use among college students,” published January 27 in Experimental and clinical psychopharmacology. A peer-reviewed scientific journal published by the American Psychological Association contradicted the cannabis-induced emotional syndrome theory, and instead found no evidence to support it.
Previous research suggests that cannabis consumption has an indirect effect on dopamine production. The mesolimbic system controls stimulation prominence and reinforcement learning, fear and motivation. The research suggests that the more cannabis is consumed – the greater the negative impact on the system that controls impulse, that is, the creation of a lazy stone.
(endocannabinoid system It is also associated with the spirit of reward and motivation with cannabis also explored for its potential benefits in this section.)
To test the agitation syndrome hypothesis, scientists in the new study observed 47 college-aged participants. More than half of the respondent group—25—are regular cannabis users, 68 percent of these meet the criteria for “cannabis use disorder,” and make up the remaining 22 non-cannabis control group. cannabis use disorder known as “A problematic pattern of cannabis use leads to clinically significant impairment or distress.”
There does not appear to be a set standard for how much cannabis is excessive, but it essentially becomes a disorder when it affects school, work, and other daily functions.
Respondents were asked to complete the Effort Expenditure Rewards Task (EEfRT), and the results were studied and analyzed by the research team.
Rather than finding significant problems, the researchers noted an improvement in symptoms of ADHD and other conditions that can lead to delays in goal-directed behavior.
In the abstract, the researchers wrote: “In generalized estimation equation models, reward amount, reward probability, and expected value predicted a greater likelihood of choosing a high-effort trial. Furthermore, cannabis use days in the past month and cannabis use disorder symptoms predicted the probability of choosing a high-effort trial, so that they were associated with Higher levels of cannabis use days and symptoms with increased likelihood after controlling for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Symptoms, distress tolerance, income, and delay discounting”.
The researchers concluded, “The results provide preliminary evidence that college students who use cannabis are more likely to make effort to obtain a reward, even after controlling for the amount of reward and the probability of receiving it. Thus, these results do not support the emotional syndrome hypothesis. Future research is required with Larger sample to assess potential associations between cannabis use and real-world patterns of stressful behavior over time.”
Cannabis proponents argue that cannabis should not be labeled with drugs and alcohol, tearing families apart in some cases.
It turns out that some pharmaceutical drugs may not be safe in terms of motivation and reward for excellence either.
Both cannabis and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) such as Prozac or Paxil have been blamed for exacerbating agitation syndrome. When SSRIs are involved, they are called Indifference SSRI. For this reason, many (sometimes dangerously) end up dropping SSRIs.